Almost every cell of the human body has its copy of the genetic material enclosed in the chromosomes. In the process of cell division, the end parts of chromosomes can be lost. To prevent this they are protected by special elements of DNA - telomeres. The formation of telomeres is regulated by the enzyme telomerase, "Vlad Time" reports.
The treatment of fractures can last up to 12 weeks. If the lower extremities are damaged, the person has to stay in a lying position for a long time or use crutches. As The Daily Mail notes Swedish scientists have designed a unique glue that can fix a fracture just in 5 minutes.
Australian physicians, in the person of Professor Jeff Toffler of the University of Sydney, say that the recently experienced respiratory disease increases the risk of a heart attack by 17 times, ABC News reports. The risk is especially high in the first five days when symptoms of disease occurred. Further, it begins to decline gradually, but still it remains as increased for a month.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is characterized by the manifestations of involuntary obsessive thoughts (obsessions) and attempts to get rid of them through compulsive actions (compulsions). As it turns out the people with OCD have the increased level of inflammation in the brain. This was revealed by scientists from Canada.
Scientists have found a collagen in tobacco leaves. It is a protein from which the skin condition depends. In particular, collagen provides its strength and elasticity. Experts say that tobacco leaves can cure skin diseases and accelerate the recovery process in damaged tendons, VladTime reports.
Scientists from Denmark do not recommend to take artificial vitamins and other synthetic supplements. According to the experts, from such tablets the body receives dangerous synthetic components instead of useful compounds. These components increase the risk of vomiting, stomach ulcers and premature death, "RuNews24" reports.
According to Taiwanese experts, popular painkillers pose a real threat to life. As RIA News notes, ibuprofen, diclofenac, celecoxib, mefenamic acid and naproxen increase the risk of heart attack and stroke. The scientists refer to the medical data of 56,000 people with high blood pressure.
Scientists rely on electrostimulation of the spinal cord and special "fitness". It was known that even with the most serious injuries of the spinal cord, some of its nerve fibers remain intact. But they are not involved in the human motor system directly. The experts suggest to switch neuronic chains, by reorienting them to a new task. Electrostimulation and training in a special exoskeleton may help to do this.
Scientists of the University of Eastern Finland believe that omega-6 fatty acids are the key to reducing the risk of untimely death. In addition, they prevent the development of cardiovascular diseases, RIA News reports. According to the scientists, linoleic acid is the most common polyunsaturated fatty acid omega-6.
Chinese scientists have developed a self-learning artificial intelligence capable to diagnose prostate cancer by separating samples of a sick person from healthy tissue samples. The system evaluation accuracy is comparable to the accuracy of real diagnosticians, The Deccan Chronicle reports.