Scientists from Karolinska Institute and the University of Southern Denmark have created a short DNA fragments (oligonucleotides), which can bind to HTT gene. Mutation in this gene causes Huntington's disease. Oligonucleotides prevent production of protein damaging nerve cells, Medical Xpress reports.
According to Medical Xpress, the scientists of the London University and Imperial College have found a "Molecular switch" that causes an inflammatory bowel disease and celiac disease. The scientists hope that their discovery will help to develop new methods of treatments for these autoimmune diseases.
Mitochondria are the "power plants" of cells. Scientists from the Medicine School at Yale University have found that changes in the size of mitochondria in brain cells affect blood sugar levels. It is very important for diabetics of the 1st and 2nd types to maintain normal blood sugar concentrations, UPI.com reports.
Scientists from London Imperial College propose to treat hay fever with immunotherapy. Patients should be subjected to the increased level of pollen for a long time (at least three years). As a result, they become accustomed to the allergen, The Daily Mail reports.
Aspirin is traditionally used for the treatment of pain, inflammation and to reduce the temperature. But now scientists claim that daily aspirin intake may allow to prevent the development of cancer, Xinhua reports. It has already been shown that aspirin rescues from certain types of cancer. But now scientists have understood how aspirin works.
According to doctors a contact with antibiotics at the stage of fetal development may reduce the immune system and increase the risk of lung diseases in children. In fact, mice experiments have shown that antibiotics destroy the important bacteria in the gastro-intestinal tract (GIT), and disturb the entire balance, New Scientist reports.
A team of researchers from Korea worked on a vaccine against bacterial infection affecting shellfish. Also, the scientists tried to figure out whether the bacteria can cope with a cancer. The researchers have noticed that the bacteria affecting shellfish produce FlaB protein that induces an immune response, Medical Xpress reports.
Some cells, such as blood cells and intestinal epithelial cells are continuously updated throughout life, but cardiomyocytes (heart muscle cells) do not have such property. A cicatrization, which can cause
Scientists from the United States have found that increased levels of transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) prevent the development of diabetic retinopathy. This disease is the main cause of blindness in adults. According to UPI.com rats with diabetes were studied by the scientists.
A revolutionary gene therapy was able to restore the hearing to deaf mice. The animals began to hear even a quiet whisper (sounds in the range of up to 25 dB), BBC reports. According to scientists, a similar approach may cure deaf people. The therapy corrects errors which were caused by the defects of auditory hairs.