Scientists from the University of Edinburgh have revealed a gene causing gradual the retina degeneration and the loss of vision. It's a RPGR gene. As it turned out, the gene provokes the development of a hereditary eye disease, such as X-linked retinitis pigmentosa. Currently, there is no effective treatment for this disease.
As it is known, human papillomavirus (HPV) virus is very common. It is transmitted sexually. Due to HPV, warts appear and the risk of cervical cancer increases substantially. As UPI.com notices, about 300,000 people die from cervical cancer each year (more than 80% die in developing countries).
According to Rossiyskaya Gazeta, numerous studies have shown that aspirin can fight against cancer. However, a group of American scientists doubt this. They have found that acetylsalicylic acid really inhibits the growth of malignant cells. But at the same time it accelerates their mutation, thereby negatively affecting the outcome of therapy.
As The Daily Mail notices, some people suffer from muscle pain after taking statins (drugs reducing cholesterol concentrations). Scientists of the University of Dundee have found that genetic features are responsible for this effect. The scientists have analyzed the data of almost 12,000 people who took statins.
According to The Daily Mail, people suffering from severe psoriasis die more often than those who have no psoriasis. This was established by scientists of the University of Pennsylvania. The scientists have analyzed the data of 8760 volunteers with psoriasis and 87600 participants without psoriasis.
Scientists of the Mayo Clinic reports that Z-endoxifene safely and effectively reduces tumors in women with ER-positive metastatic breast cancer. As UPI.com notices Z-endoxifene is a powerful derivative of tamoxifen, another drug for ER-positive metastatic breast cancer.
Scientists of the University College of Cork have conducted a study in mice. The scientists have found that the level of anxiety depends on brain’s microRNA. The microRNAs are affected by intestinal bacteria. The microRNAs play an important role in the process of gene expression, Zee News reports.
As noted by The Hindustan Times, children with allergies, treated with a probiotic along with low doses of peanut protein within 18 months, in 80% of cases became tolerant to peanuts by the end of the study.
Scientists of the Siberian Biomedical Center named E.N.Meshalkin (Novosibirsk) became the first experts in Russia who implanted two artificial hearts to the patient. According the RIA Novosti the patient is a 20-year-old girl who received several stab wounds causing the heart damages.
Until now, scientists did not know the cause of 80% of congenital defects such as cleft palate, kidney, heart and spine disorders.