Scientists from the United States have found that increased levels of transforming growth factor-? (TGF-?) prevent the development of diabetic retinopathy. This disease is the main cause of blindness in adults. According to UPI.com rats with diabetes were studied by the scientists.
A revolutionary gene therapy was able to restore the hearing to deaf mice. The animals began to hear even a quiet whisper (sounds in the range of up to 25 dB), BBC reports. According to scientists, a similar approach may cure deaf people. The therapy corrects errors which were caused by the defects of auditory hairs.
As it turned out, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) such as ibuprofen that have an analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effect, are dangerous to the heart. Scientists from the National Taiwan University Hospital have found out that NSAIDs can increase the risk of heart attack three times, The Daily Mail reports.
A repeated antibiotic therapy not only makes the bacteria resistant to drugs, but also helps them to reproduce faster than before. It is found by scientists from the University of Exeter. The scientists carried out a study on E.coli, which can cause severe abdominal pain, diarrhea and renal failure in people, The Hans India reports.
Scientists from the University of Sydney have designed a unique patch to prevent sunburn. The patch will inform a person when it is necessary to hide from the sun or re-apply sunscreen, The Sydney Morning Herald reports.
Scientists from London Royal College have tested 9.8 million genetic variants in 420,000 people. The experts have found 107 new genes associated with high blood pressure. A lot of these 107 genes were expressed in large volumes in vascular and cardiovascular tissues.
Scientists from the University of Pennsylvania have performed a study on mice with autism. The test animals took D-cycloserine, which is normally used for tuberculosis. Due to this remedy the rodents improved their social skills, UPI.com reports.
Scientists from the Trinity College Dublin have found a molecule that is important for cell growth. As it turned out, this molecule - STAT3 - also protects against infections, Eurek Alert reports. This discovery will restore the human immune system and build a protection against a range of viruses.
A targeting effect on tau protein tangles in mice with symptoms similar to Alzheimer's disease allowed to reverse the brain damage, slow down the memory loss and increase the lifespan of rodents, New Scientist reports. It is known that two kinds of deposits of sticky proteins such as beta-amyloid deposits and tau protein tangles are observed in the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease.
According to scientists, cholesterol is necessary for the normal brain activity. But due to diabetes the brain cholesterol concentrations can be reduced. This is proved by experiments in mice. The scientists suppressed cholesterol production in the brain in rodents. After that, neurological disorders have appeared in the animals, Medical Xpress reports.