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Physicians now able to diagnose brain injury without scanning

Scientists have found inflammatory biomarkers. On their basis it is possible to create a test. In the first hours after an accident this test will show whether the brain is injured, The Indian Express reports. Such test would be very useful for sports and ambulance doctors.

Existing medicines can defeat dangerous infections

Scientists say that for the treatment of viral and bacterial infections, existing medicines should be used alone or in combination with other medicines. This will be more effective than the development of new treatments, Deccan Chronicle reports.

For the first time in 20 years in the United States a medicine against sickle-cell anemia was approved

According to "Remedium", sickle-cell anemia is a dangerous genetic blood disease. Previously, patients were treated with hydroxyurea only. Now, L-glutamine amino acid (brand name Endari), designed by Emmaus Medical Inc., will be put into practice. This medicine is designed to reduce the intensity of severe complications of the disease.

 Geneticists suggested an effective method against tuberculosis

Cornell University has presented a discovery which will allow to create effective drugs for tuberculosis. According to Zee News, this is about a key metabolic mechanism in Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Study has shown that diabetes and sleep apnea are a dangerous combination

Scientists from Birmingham University have found that people suffering from type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea are more prone to diabetic retinopathy. This diabetes complication is the leading cause of vision loss worldwide. 40-50% of patients with diabetes face with diabetic retinopathy, Medical Xpress reports.

Scientists have designed a unique model of heart valves

Scientists used 3D printing technology to create individual models of heart valves. They imitate the physiological properties of these heart valves. The scientists say that their invention will increase the success of transcatheter implantation of aortic valves and will avoid complications such as perivalvular leakage.

Mineral water is a valuable source of calcium

A new study conducted at the University of Hanover, has shown that mineral water can be as an alternative to dairy products. It can satisfy the body's need for calcium. It is important that water is not as high in calories as dairy products, Zee News reports.

Antioxidant will help patients with multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects the nerve fibers of the brain and spinal cord. A new study conducted at the Oregon University of Health and Science has found that lipoic acid, which has antioxidant properties, can significantly improve the quality of life of people suffering from multiple sclerosis.

For our ancestors a genetic predisposition to arthritis was useful.

Scientists have made unexpected conclusions about arthritis. As it turned out a genetic mutation that increases the risk of arthritis was found. According to India Today, it appeared in the Ice Age and protected our ancestors from frostbite. Approximately half of Europeans have a variant of this GDF5 gene. It doubles the risk of arthritis development and takes about 1 centimeter in growth. The Africans have less of this variant. It was also identified in Neanderthals and Denisovan.