Scientists from the University of Pennsylvania have performed a study on mice with autism. The test animals took D-cycloserine, which is normally used for tuberculosis. Due to this remedy the rodents improved their social skills, UPI.com reports.
Scientists from the Trinity College Dublin have found a molecule that is important for cell growth. As it turned out, this molecule - STAT3 - also protects against infections, Eurek Alert reports. This discovery will restore the human immune system and build a protection against a range of viruses.
A targeting effect on tau protein tangles in mice with symptoms similar to Alzheimer's disease allowed to reverse the brain damage, slow down the memory loss and increase the lifespan of rodents, New Scientist reports. It is known that two kinds of deposits of sticky proteins such as beta-amyloid deposits and tau protein tangles are observed in the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease.
According to scientists, cholesterol is necessary for the normal brain activity. But due to diabetes the brain cholesterol concentrations can be reduced. This is proved by experiments in mice. The scientists suppressed cholesterol production in the brain in rodents. After that, neurological disorders have appeared in the animals, Medical Xpress reports.
Cerebral hypoxia is one of the most common brain pathologies in premature infants, which damages white matter. White matter consists of fibers that connect different parts of the brain. The damaged white matter disturbs the signal transmission inside the brain and between the brain and other organs.
The scientists of the University of Oregon have revealed a molecule which is capable to neutralize the bacteria resistance to antibiotics, Xinhua reports. This molecule is known as PPMO (phosphorodiamidate morpholino oligomer). It inhibits the activity of NDM-1 enzyme which makes the bacteria resistant to penicillin.
Most of all Vitamin E is needed for the people with metabolic syndrome. This vitamin is an antioxidant and it is essential for the protection of cells, Xinhua reports. Metabolic syndrome can include several specific diseases or abnormalities, such as: abdominal obesity, increased blood lipids, high blood pressure, inflammation, thrombosis, insulin resistance or impaired glucose tolerance.
Peripheral neuropathy is the result of peripheral nerve damage. Symptoms vary from numbness, tingling, muscle weakness to severe pain, paralysis, and organ dysfunction. Peripheral neuropathy often develops in diabetics and people with HIV. Scientists of the University of California have carried out experiments with cells and rodents suffering from peripheral neuropathy associated with diabetes of the 1st, 2nd type, chemotherapy and HIV, Medical Xpress reports.
Researchers from the University of California have discovered a new biomarker in the EEG in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), suffering from Dup15q syndrome. The reason of Dup15q syndrome is a duplication of the section of 15th chromosome. This is one of the most common genetic abnormalities associated with ASD, Medical Xpress reports.
Hitherto, doctors believed that severe traumatic brain injury is one of the key risk factors for the development of neurodegenerative diseases. But a new study conducted in the School of Medicine at Boston University, has shown that even mild brain concussion can lead to negative consequences, The Daily Mail reports.